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Glass formation stages

Saturday, September 9, 2017

Glass formation stages


Glass is one of the famous materials used in many different applications in life, such as windows, antiques, etc.

There are many different types of glass,
but the most common is that used in the manufacture of windows Consists of more than three-quarters of silica.



For many thousands of years, many of the historical manuscripts have shown the presence of glassware,
which was used by humans more than 2,000 years ago, from household glassware, decorative pieces, ornamental pieces,
and then their use for industrial intervention and buildings as glass facades, windows, doors, and others.

In this article, we will learn how to make glass, and materials used in the glass manufacture.



Materials used in the manufacture of the glass:


 Sand glass:


It is a basic material in the glass industry,
and must contain a large amount of silica more than 80 percent of the composition of sand atoms,
so there are certain types of sand used for the manufacture of glass, not all.


Sodium Oxide:


A chemical that is incorporated into glass constituents,
which controls the temperature during glass fusion and its ease of formation.


Feldspar:


This material helps to give transparency to glass;it is available in abundance, and cheap price.


Calcium oxide:


This material gives the hardness to the glass after cooling.


 Borax:


A mixture of boron and sodium oxide, which helps to increase the melting rate of glass materials,
in addition, it  gives the hardness of glass pieces, for example, glass pieces containing large amounts of boron
is not easy to break if exposed to heating and sudden cooling.




Secondary materials:


A group of materials, added to the manufactured glass to improve its quality such as materials that increase

transparency, color materials, materials that increase fusion rates such as titanium, barium oxide. 

You can Check for how we shape and process glasses carefully especially for you From Here

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